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KERALA –BEKAL FORT


Bekal Fort is the largest fort in Kerala, situated at Bekal village in Kasaragod district, North Kerala and it is 67 km from Mangalore spreading over 40 acres (160,000 m2).An important features of this fort is the water-tank with its flight of steps. The fort has a tunnel opening towards the south and a magazine for keeping ammunition with broad steps leading to the Observation Tower. From there one has an ample view of towns in the vicinity like Kanhangad, Pallikkara, Bekal, Kottikkulam, and Uduma. The nearest railway stations are Bekal Fort, Kotikulam, Kanhangad, and Kasargod. This observation center had strategic significance in discovering even the smallest movements of the enemy and ensuring the safety of the Fort.
The Fort appears to have been built up from the sea since almost three fourths of its exterior is drenched and the waves continually stroke the citadel. The Mukhyaprana Temple of Hanuman and the ancient Muslim mosque nearby bear testimony to the age-old religious harmony that prevailed in the area. The zigzag entrance and the trenches around the fort show the defense strategy inherent in the fort. Unlike most other Indian forts, Bekal Fort was not a center of administration, for no remains of any palace, mansion or such buildings are found within the fort. Arguably the fort was built especially for fulfilling defence requirements. The holes on the outer walls of the fort are specially designed to defend the fort effectively. The holes at top were meant for aiming at the farthest points; the holes below for striking when the enemy was nearer and the holes underneath facilitated attacking when the enemy was very near to the fort.

Architecture of Bekal Fort

Bekal Fort is a lofty keyhole shaped structure situated in the small village of Pallikkara, Kasargod district spread over a total area of 40 acres. The head of the fort is circular made of red brown stone. The fort land comprise of walls, walkways and citadels with trenches surrounding the whole structure said to be built in 1650 AD. The most fascinating part of the fort is the Observation Tower built by Tipu Sultan. It offers a splendid view of the rocky shoreline of Arabian Sea and an advantage with regards to its strategic position. Recently a temple and a Darbar along with some coins belonging to the period of Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali have been discovered.

Nearby Attraction to Bekal Fort

A 9th century lake, Temple of Ananthpura about 30 kilometers, a rare mosque of Manik Deenar.

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