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DELHI –INDIA GATE


The India Gate, (originally called the All India War Memorial), is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath, on the eastern edge of the ‘ceremonial axis’ of New Delhi, India, formerly called Kingsway. India Gate is a memorial to 82,000 soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in the First World War, in France, Flanders, Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa, Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near and the Far East, and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. 13,300 servicemen's names, including some soldiers and officers from the United Kingdom, are inscribed on the gate. The India Gate, even though a war memorial, evokes the architectural style of the triumphal arch like the Arch of Constantine, outside the Colosseum in Rome, and is often compared to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai. It was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
In 1971, following the Bangladesh Liberation war, a small simple structure, consisting of a black marble plinth, with reversed rifle, capped by war helmet, bounded by four eternal flames, was built beneath the soaring Memorial Archway. This structure, called Amar Jawan Jyoti, or the Flame of the Immortal Soldier, since 1971 has served as India's Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The 42-metre tall India Gate, stands on a low base of red Bharatpur stone and rises in stages to a huge moulding. The shallow domed bowl at the top was intended to be filled with burning oil on anniversaries but this is rarely done. The India Gate hexagon complex, with a diameter of about 625 metres, covers approximately 306,000 m² in area.

Design of India Gate

Edwin Lutyens designed the All India War memorial in New Delhi. The India Gate is a secular memorial, leaving aside religious and cultural sentiments. Lutyen used the universal architectural style free of religious ornamentation. It has also been called as the remake of Arch de Triomphe. It spans 30 feet and lies on the eastern axial end of Rajpath. The India Gate is 42 meters tall and stands on a low base of red Bharatpur Stone and then it rises in stages. The India Gate hexagon complex has a diameter of 625 meters.

Facts About India Gate

1. You can find thousands of names scripted on the walls of the India Gate of the soldiers who bravely fought for their country and became martyrs.
2. The holy flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti was ignited by Indira Gandhi on 26th January 1972.
3. The inspiration for the design of the gate came from the famous Arc de Triomphe of Paris
4. It is regarded as one of the largest war memorials across the country.
5. The monument is also famous for hosting the Republic Day parade every year.

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