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KERALA –WAYANAD


Wayanad District is a district in the north-east of Kerala state, India with headquarters at the town of Kalpetta. The district was formed on 1 November 1980 as the 12th district in Kerala by carving out areas from Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The district is 3.79% urbanised, with three municipal towns Kalpetta, Mananthavady and Sulthan Bathery. To know the greener side of Kerala, one must visit Wayanad which translates to the land of paddy fields in Local language Malayalam. It won’t be irrelevant to call it the ‘Green Paradise’ if you are planning for a sightseeing in Kerala. Calm and quiet, enriched with scenic beauty, tradition and wildlife, Wayanad is a blend of nature and heaven together and is one of the best places to visit in Kerala during summer. Wayanad is also famous for the richness it holds in the tribal heritage and agricultural abundance. Observing the lifestyle of over fifty tribes dwelling in this region will be a mind-blowing experience. The place is least populated when compared to other districts in Kerala, but the exoticness and landscape make it a must visit destination in the God’s own country. Wayanad all together has many exotic locations in and around the district like edakkal caves, banasura sagar dam, Wayanad Wildlife Santuary, Lakkidi, Tusharagiri Waterfalls, Kalpetta, and Sentinel Rockfalls. Wayanad is a popular trekking destination in Monsoons and is a must visit destination in Kerala in July and August for adventure tourism enthusiasts. in Checkout an article on Wayanad Tourism and an experience in the hills of Northern Wayanad.

Pookot Lake

Lying just 3 km south of Vythiri is a natural fresh water lake unspoiled by human habitation and activities. The Pookode lake tourist resort is famous for its aquarium and green house. Visitors can enjoy a boat ride in its calm waters. Kayaking in the lake is another sought after activity.

Edakkal Caves

Famous for its exquisite rock and wall carvings, this pre-historic Edakkal Caves measures 96 ft long and 22 ft wide. You need to trek for one and half hour to hit the cave entrance, and another 45 minutes to reach the mouth of the cave. The Edakkal caves are of historical and archaeological significance, it has carvings that date back to the Neolithic era, the late Stone Age. These caves were discovered by a Fred Fawcett in 1890. He was on a hunting trip when he came across a stone axe in a coffee estate that was used by a Neolithic Celt. Fred had a deep rooted interest in pre-History and wanted to explore more. He crossed the thick forests of Ambukuthy Mala to discover what later proved to be a dwelling dating back to the New stone Age which was inhabited several times in the course of human history. Tha carvings are estimated to be as old as 5000 BC to 1000 BC.

Soochipara Falls

Soochipara Falls aka Sentinel Rock Waterfalls is a three-tiered waterfall in Vellarimala, Wayanad, surrounded by Deciduous, Evergreen and Montane forests. It is known locally as Soochipara, where soochi means needle and para means rock. The drive from Meppadi to Sentinel Rock Waterfalls provides visitors with scenic views of some of the best tea estates in Wayanad. The Sentinel Rock Waterfall is 200 metres high that also offer a cliff face, ideal for rock climbing. The water falling from Soochipara later joins Chulika River aka Chaliyar River after hills from Kerela and Tamil Nadu.

Kuruva Dweep

Situated on the tributaries of river Kabani is the Kuruva Island surrounded by a picturesque view of enchanting evergreen forests. The site is popular among those seeking a quiet get-away from the hustle bustle of the cities.

Chembra Peak

The tallest peak in the Wayanad district of Kerala, Chembra Peak is a beautiful delight and perfect for trekking. The peak, its surrounding lush greenery and the famed heart-shaped lake make it a paradise for travelers to explore. Standing tall at an altitude of 2100 meters it is the highest peak in the Wayanad Hills and provides one of the best views of the adjoining Nilgiri Hills and Vellarimala Hills.
The Western Ghats of Kerala are famed for their heavenly beauty, their peace & calm and there natural wealth. An abode by the clouds, the Ghats are known to have many famous peaks in its collection but none more than Chembra Peak in the Wayanad Hills at Mepaddy. The peak is famous among trekkers for providing an awesome one day trekking experience with relatively low cost on energy and pocket. On one's way to the peak, they are confronted with another gift of nature in the form of a heart-shaped Lake which is believed to have never dried up and is a major tourist attraction here. One day trekking trips to the peak are very popular among travelers to this part of the state allowing one to discover the glories of nature, the wealth of biodiversity in the region and explore one 's lust for the outdoors.

Chain Tree

Chain Tree is a popular Ficus, which has many myths associated with it. According to one of the legends, the road up was built by a foreign engineer but the route was given to him by a local tribal youth who was shot to death by the engineer.
His spirit is said to have stuck to the tree causing many accidents on the hair pin curve. Another story says that when the British first came to Wayanad, the Adivasi Mahouts took them to the top the mountains. As the Portuguese were close behind them, they did not want the Mahouts to go back and get the Portuguese. Hence they killed the Mahout whose spirit lived in the area causing accidents. A local priest later chained the spirit to the tree with a chain over it.

Sulthan Bathery

Once known as an important strategic location in the Malabar region, Sulthan Bathery is now the largest town in Wayanad district which is known for its tourism and commercial activities. The main attractions for the tourists are the pre-historic caves, jungle trails, sparkling streams and rivers and lush greenery of the undulating hills, along with many options to explore the city and its surroundings.
Sulthan Bathery is the largest town in Wayanad district which is known for its tourism and commercial activities. The main attractions for the tourists are the pre-historic caves, jungle trails, sparkling streams and rivers and lush greenery of the undulating hills, along with many options to explore the city and its surroundings. Stopovers such as the Edakkal Caves, Chethalayam Falls, the Jain Temple, Muthunga Wildlife Sanctuary, Ambalavayal Heritage Museum and St. Mary's and Yakoob Church make this town a suitable choice for every kind of traveller, having something for everyone to see.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is bio-geographically one of the richest tracts of peninsular India. The terrain is undulating and the altitude ranges from 650 to 1158 meters. Tracts of semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and dry-deciduous forests constitute the main forest types.
The Protected Area (PA) is rich in diversity of flora and fauna with many endangered, threatened and rare species. It is a constituent of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and also Elephant Reserve No.7, harbouring the world’s largest recorded population of Asiatic elephant. Wayanad Wildlife sanctuary is significant because of ecological and geographic continuity with other protected areas such as Bandipur and Rajeev Gandhi (Nagarahole) Tiger Reserves of Karnataka in north-eastern portion and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu in south-eastern side offering an unique eco system enriched with wildlife, forming natural corridor for the seasonal migration of long ranging animals within the greater conservation unit.
It is potentially one of the best habitats for Asiatic Elephants. Other large herbivores like Gaurs, Deers etc and carnivores like the tigers and Leopards, bears etc range freely in this tract, with the advantage of the confluence of the 3 major wildlife Protected Areas (PAs) of the country, spanning 3 states. Floristically also Wayanad is much different from the other PAs of the state in having predominantly a dry and moist deciduous characteristic replete with large extent of bamboo brakes, marshy areas, vayals and other pasture lands together with perennial water resources helping to stage a large influx of animals to the area in summer.

Banasura Sagar Dam

The Banasura Sagar Dam is located 21 km from Kalpetta, in Wayanad District of Kerala in the Western Ghats. It is the largest earthen dam in India and the second largest in Asia and an ideal starting point for hikes into the surrounding scenic mountains. It is an important tourist attraction. A front runner in hydel tourism in Wayanad, Banasura Sagar Dam, is visited by wide range of people. Whether it is study tour, family fun, romantic outing, trekking, sightseeing or picnic, Banasura is a place that fits the bill. The dam itself is quite big. It is the largest earth dam in India.
It is also the second largest earth dam in Asia just after Tarbela Dam on the Indus River in Pakistan. A hardened pile up of stones, rocks and soil, structured as a dam, effectively blocks karamanthodu, a tributary of Kabani River. The result is a vast reservoir rimmed by a chain of blue mountains, scenic enough to take over anyone’s attention. Scattered in the water, is a cluster of tiny islets.

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