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The Jallianwala Bagh massacre also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place in the Jallianwala Bagh public garden in the northern Indian city of Amritsar, and was ordered by Brigadier-General Reginald E.H. Dyer. On Sunday April 13, 1919, which happened to be 'Baisakhi', one of Punjab's largest religious festivals, fifty British Indian Army soldiers, commanded by Dyer, began shooting at an unarmed gathering of men, women, and children without warning. Dyer marched his fifty riflemen to a raised bank and ordered them to kneel and fire. Dyer ordered soldiers to reload their rifles several times and they were ordered to shoot to kill. Official Government of India sources estimated the fatalities at 379, with 1,100 wounded. Civil Surgeon Dr Williams DeeMeddy indicated that there were 1,526 casualties. However, the casualty number quoted by the Indian National Congress was more than 1,500, with roughly 1,000 killed.

Jallianwala Bagh and Freedom Struggle

The Jallianwala Bagh is the symbol of the struggle of Independence of Indians. During the era of struggle against the British rule in 1919, a lady named Miss Marshella Sherwood was cornered by the Indian mob and beaten up. To protest against this, General Dyer, carried out a mass killing in the Bagh on 13th April 1919, on Punjab New year while thousands of men, women and children were celebrating. Dyer announced indiscriminate and unprovocative firing on thousands of non-violent and unarmed Indians. The official figure as told by the British was 379, yet the unofficial estimates stand more than 1000.


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